Countries Abortion Profile

China

1. Law related to Abortion

Brief history of the law:

Abortion is legal in China at all times.

Short summary of conditions within the law
To save the life of the woman : yes
To preserve physical health : yes
To preserve mental health : yes
Rape or incest : yes
Foetal impairment : yes
Economic or social reasons : yes
Available on request : yes

Abortion could be provided under all the above conditions.

2. Policy

Family Planning is the basic policy in China.

3. Second Trimester Abortion

4. Practice

Abortion is conducted by medical doctors.

5. Reproductive Health Perspective

Signatory to ICPD, CEDAW : Yes

6. Abortion Statistics

Total :

In China , there were about 7.63 million abortions in 2007 .

Ref. PRC Ministry of Health Statistical Digest. 2008 Chinese Health Statistical Digest.

http://61.49.18.65/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/zwgkzt/ptjnj/year2008/7.htm (accessed 18 Nov 2008 ).

About 95% of abortion are 1 st TM , about 5% are 2 nd TM .

Details on safe, unsafe, married women, unmarried women, adolescents, Septic abortions: Regarding the above items, there are no official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China.

7. Public sector

Abortion services are available for both 1 st Trimester and 2 nd Trimester

Cost : In general, g overnment covers all the cost of abortion in China .

8. Private Sector

In general, private hospital is not allowed to provide abortion services, excepting them having got the special permission from the local government. The cost of abortion is much higher than that in public hospital.

9. Methods used

D&C, EVA, MVA, MMA with Mife Miso, MMA with Miso alone, MMA with Methotrexate Miso

Excepting MMA with Methotrexate Miso, all of the above methods are used for the first trimester abortion.

 

2 nd Trimester with Ethacridine lactate , Misoprostol, D&E, Hyterotomy

Ethacridine lactate, Mife + Mis o , D&E, Hyterotomy are used for the second trimester abortion.

10. Provider level allowed for surgical and medical abortion

Only Ob/Gy and family planning doctors are allowed to do surgical and medical abortion in China since 2003.

11. Abortion related morbidity mortality statistics

No official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China. I think there is small number of morbidity related to abortion, and almost no mortality directly related to abortion in China .

12. Manufacture and/or availability through import of abortion equipment (MVA syringes, EVA equipment)

There is domestic product of abortion equipment in China .

13. Manufacture/ import of Mifepristone, Misoprostol

We have Mife and Miso made in China.

14. Facility and provider certification norms in brief

Each hospital and provider needs a certification for abortion services in China .

15. Information available in national service delivery standards

There is a national guideline of abortion (surgical and medical) in China .

16. Informal / illegal providers - if present who are they

A few private clinics or hospitals.

17. Population urban/ rural: Demography of the country, with an analysis of availability of abortion services ratio to population

No official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China.

18. Role of government

In China , government plays very an important role for keeping abortion safe. It is supportive, provides adequate funding to run training and service delivery programmes.

19. Role of religion / religious leaders

N/A

20. Local Ob Gyn societes

Supportive.

21. Current status and potential of research

Medical method for second trimester abortion is the potential of research.

22. Awareness amongst community members

N/A

23. Role of member organization/ individual

The Chinese Family Planning associationis doing its best for contraception and safe abortion in China .